The crossing which killed all of the family except the father,Abdullah Kurdi, was their third attempt. Abdullah has described how the family paid a combined 4,000 (2,900) to people smugglers for places on a small dinghy.

When the images of Aylan first began circulating on social media on 2 September last year, The Independent took the editorialdecision to publish the most shocking versions in full.

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The boat soon capsized, throwing the refugees into the sea. "I was holding my wife's hand," Mr Kurdi has said. Everyone was screaming in pitch darkness."

´╗┐Aylan Kurdi 'people smugglers' put on trial accused of causing death of Syrian three

After a period living in Turkeywith the hope of returning to their hometown, the family made two failed attempts to travel through Europe to Canada, where Aylan's aunt Tima Kurdi lived in Vancouver.

The images that followed, showing the small boy lying face down in the sand, galvanised a huge reaction to the crisis of people risking their lives fleeing conflict areas to reach Europe.

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They began the crossing at night but when the sea became too rough for the small vessel, the people smugglers allegedly abandoned it, leaving the passengers to try and steer it on their own.

The two men, Muwafaka Alabash and Asem Alfrhad, opened in the Aegean seaside town of Bodrum on Thursday. They are accused of causing the deaths of five people, including Aylan, "through deliberate negligence".

Refugees protest behind a fence against restrictions limiting passage at the Greek Macedonian border, near Gevgelija. Since last week, Macedonia has restricted passage to northern Europe to only Syrians, Iraqis and Afghans who are considered war refugees. All other nationalities are deemed economic migrants and told to turn back. Macedonia has finished building a fence on its frontier with Greece becoming the latest country in Europe to build a border barrier aimed at checking the flow of refugees

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The campaign which followed helped force the Government to do more to take in Syrian refugees, and just five days later David Cameron announced 20,000 more places would be found.